Spanish Residence Permit: Types, Requirements, and Application Process


Obtaining a residence permit is a crucial step for individuals planning to live or work in Spain. A residence permit allows foreign nationals to legally reside in the country for a specified period. In this article, we will explore the different types of residence permits available in Spain, the requirements for applying, the application process, and the duration and validity of these permits. We will also touch upon the tax obligations associated with a Spanish residence permit.


Types of Residence Permits in Spain

Spain offers various types of residence permits to cater to different situations and purposes. Some of the common types include:

Depending on the duration of the permit

  • Temporary Residence Permits: These permits are issued to individuals who wish to stay in Spain for a limited period, such as for work, study, or family reunification.
  • Long-term or Permanent Residence Permits: These permits are granted to individuals who have been residing in Spain for a certain number of years and meet the eligibility criteria.

depending on the purpose of the residence permit, for example:

  • Golden Visa: This type of residence permit is available to non-EU citizens who invest a significant amount in Spanish real estate or make a substantial capital investment in the country.
  • EU Blue Card: This permit is designed for highly skilled professionals from non-EU countries who have a valid job offer in Spain.
  • Digital Nomad: an international teleworker, who may be a salaried employee, professional or corporate
  • Highly qualified professional: hired by a Spanish company in group 1 or 2 and with a gross annual salary of more than 41,760 or 55,680eur.
  • Non-profit residency: designed for people who want to reside legally but without working in Spain.

According to the applicable legal regime:

Requirements for Applying – Spanish Residence Permit

The specific requirements for obtaining a residence permit in Spain may vary depending on the type of permit. However, some common requirements include:

  • A valid passport or travel document
  • Proof of sufficient financial means to support oneself
  • Health insurance coverage
  • Proof of accommodation in Spain
  • Criminal record certificate
  • Proof of payment of the relevant fees

It is important to note that these requirements may be subject to change, so it is advisable to consult with an immigration lawyer in Spain.

Application Process – Spanish Residence Permit

There are residence permits that must be presented at the Spanish Consulate.

Other types of permits can be applied for directly in Spain within 60 or 90 days of entry.

Therefore, it is always advisable to seek prior advice from an immigration lawyer in Spain.

The application process for a Spanish residence permit usually consists of the following steps:

1 Submission of the required documentation: Applicants must gather and submit all the necessary documents along with their application form.
2 Appointment at the corresponding immigration office: Once the application is submitted, applicants may need to make an appointment at the nearest immigration office for the collection of biometric data, such as fingerprints.
3 Processing and approval: Immigration authorities will review the application and supporting documents. If approved, the residence permit will be issued.

Duration and Validity – Spanish Residence Permit

The duration and validity of a Spanish residence permit depend on the type of permit granted. Temporary residence permits are usually valid for the duration specified in the permit, which can range from a few months to a few years. Long-term or permanent residence permits may be valid indefinitely, subject to certain conditions.

Tax Obligations for Residence Permit Holders

Individuals holding a Spanish residence permit are generally subject to tax obligations in Spain. This includes the obligation to file an annual tax return and pay taxes on income earned in Spain. It is essential for residence permit holders to familiarize themselves with the Spanish tax system and comply with their tax obligations to avoid any legal issues.

Conclusion – Spanish Residence Permit

Obtaining a residence permit in Spain is a significant step for individuals planning to live or work in the country. By understanding the different types of permits, the application requirements, and the process involved, applicants can navigate the process more effectively. It is crucial to stay updated with the latest regulations and seek professional advice when necessary to ensure a smooth and successful application process.


4 thoughts on “Spanish Residence Permit: Types, Requirements, and Application Process”

  1. I want to obtain a residence permit in Spain, I currently telecommute but my company here in the U.S. has no problem with me continuing to work from Spain, is it possible to work remotely in Spain? it would be to start in June of this year

    1. If you have the possibility of teleworking from Spain then the right thing to do would be to apply for a residence and work permit as an international teleworker (digital nomad). I remain at your disposal to talk in the video consultation.

  2. I want to buy a villa in a beach area, but someone told me that an authorization from the Spanish Ministry of Defense is required, is this true?

    1. That’s right, even if it is not established in Law 14/2013, indirectly it is mandatory to obtain a permit from the Ministry of Defense, sometimes the permit is never obtained, sometimes it takes months or even years. I recommend that you schedule your consultation to be able to guide you fully and knowing more data or alternatives of your situation before starting with a purchase of real estate for the golden visa.

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